Among the top national parks widely acclaimed for its Sri Lankan Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya) population, Wilpattu national park is situated in the Northwest bank of marsh dry zone of Sri Lanka and it was declared as a National Park in 1938, The most interesting component of Wilpattu national park is that it comprise colossal number of Natural Lakes (Willus in Sinhalese – Natural sand rimmed water bowls that loaded up with downpour water). Wilpattu National Park is found 25km north of Puttalam or 30km west of Anurdhapura ((around 180 km north of Colombo). Wilpattu is the biggest and one of the most established National Parks in Sri Lanka.
The historical backdrop of enthusiasm with old remains having been found in Wilpattu National Park. Sovereign named "Kuweni" (viewed as the mother of the Sinhala race) is said to have lived in the spot known as Kalli Villu. Authentic proof likewise shows the way that Prince Saliya, child of King Dutugemunu lived in Wilpattu more than 2,000 years prior.
Untamed life in the Wilpattu National Park
There are around 30 types of warm blooded creatures in the Wilpattu National Park which incorporate the Sri Lankan Elephant, Sri Lankan Leopard, Lankan Sloth Bear, Sri, Spotted Deer, Buffalo, Sambar and Mongoose.
Birdlife in the Wilpattu National Park
The endemic Sri Lanka Jungle fowl, Little Cormorant and the Painted Stork can can be seen. Some of the wetland bird species that found in the Wilpattu National Park are Spoonbill, White Ibis, Large White Egret, The Garganey, Pin tail, Whistling Teal, Cattle Egret and Purple Heron. Additionally, numerous types of Gulls, Terns, Owls, Kites and Eagles are lives here.
Reptiles and Amphibians in the Wilpattu National Park
Reptiles and Amphibians that can be found in Wilpattu national park are Mugger Crocodile, Common Cobra, Monitor Lizard, Rat Snake, Indian Python, Pond Turtle and the Soft Shelled Turtle can beseen as well.
Flora of Wilpattu National Park
Wilpattu is home for several types of flora and they are Palu (Manilkara hexandra), Satin (Chloroxylon swietenia), Milla (Vitex altissima), Weera (Drypetes sepiaria), Ebony (Diospyros ebenum) and Wewarna (Alseodaphne semecarpifolia).
Atmosphere in the Wilpattu National Park
The yearly temperature in the Park is between 27°C to 30°C and its yearly precipitation is roughly 900 mm. The Wilpattu National Park is in the dry zone however more often in greenery as it has a lot of water sources. Inter-monsoon rain falls in to the period between March to May. While the monsoon falls between September to December. The time of dry season in the Park reaches out from June to early September.
The most effective method to reach Wilpattu National Park
Wilpattu is found 30 kms north of Puttalam, roughly 190 kms from Colombo. Wilpattu National Park reaches out from the northwest coast towards inland ancient capital city of Anuradhapura which is around 50 km toward the east of the Park, covering 425 sq miles roughly. The course from Colombo is by via Negombo, Chilaw, Palaviya and Puttalam, The Park office and the fundamental passageway where one can acquire a ticket and enter the national park from Hunuwilgama entrance.